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FW: follow-up to news release from CIELAP

I will forward specific details shortly, however, please be advised that
this article is very misleading.

Canadian and international regulations do not differentiate between wastes
destined for recycling and wastes destined for landfill.  A significant
portion of the volume of hazardous waste quoted in the article below are
imported to Canada because we have some of the most sophisticated metals
recycling technologies in the world.  We are able to extract metals from all
sorts of wastes that normally would be sent to landfill resulting in not
only a loss of significant resources, but also an increased need to produce
metals from concentrate which is much more energy intensive.  Metals
recycling is a very important industry to Canada, and it is precisely the
type of article below that tends to elicit an "outrage" response from the
public without fully understanding the facts.

All wastes are subjected to a metals leachate test which is appropriate for
materials destined for landfilling (to ensure that the waste will not leach
metals into water system).  However, wastes destined for recycling are
subjected to the same tests, although they will never be landfilled,
resulting in a classification of hazardous waste.  Some of these materials
include printed circuit boars, insulated chopped wire, spent photographic
film.  These materials are rich in resources such as copper, gold, silver,
platinum and palladium.

I will forward a more formal response shortly.

Cindy Thomas
Cohort 4
From: Donna Chiarelli
To: Cohort3; Cohort4; Cohort5; Cohort6; Cohort7
Subject: FW: news release from CIELAP
Date: Thursday, March 18, 1999 3:16PM

Thanks for the communication, Jan

 -----Original Message-----
From: CIELAP [mailto:cielap@web.net]
Sent: Thursday, March 18, 1999 2:22 PM
To: Donna Chiarelli (E-mail)
Subject: news release


While export levels have dipped
	Hazardous waste imports to Ontario
	more than quadruple in four-year period

	March 18, 1999

The tonnage of hazardous wastes being imported into Ontario more than
quadrupled between 1993 and 1997, the Canadian Institute for Environmental
Law and Policy (CIELAP) reported today. The report was prepared by CIELAP
as part of the Environmental Agenda for Ontario Project.

Hazardous waste imports rose 336% from 56,439 tonnes in 1993 to 246,000
tonnes in 1997, according to the report entitled "Hazardous Waste
Management in Ontario."  During this same period of time, exports of
hazardous wastes from Ontario to other jurisdictions declined from 156,945
tonnes to 111,000 tonnes. The 1997 statistics are the latest available from
Environment Canada.

"Until the United States shut down sub-standard landfills and stopped
allowing untreated hazardous waste to be disposed of on land, Ontario was a
net exporter of hazardous waste. Once the Americans put a stop to these
practices, Ontario became the leading destination for hazardous waste from
the United States," said Mark Winfield, Director of Research at CIELAP and
author of the report. Ontario has no regulation prohibiting the land
disposal of untreated hazardous wastes.

"These statistics suggest that Ontario's lax environmental standards are
attracting hazardous wastes from around the continent. Ontario has become a
sink for North America's hazardous waste." Dr. Winfield said.

In addition to American imports, Ontario-generated hazardous waste is also
rising dramatically. From 1994 to 1997, the off-site disposal of hazardous
waste in Ontario increased by 47% from 1,447,448 tonnes to 2,125,000
tonnes, most of it generated in Ontario, the CIELAP study reported.

The growth in hazardous waste disposal in Ontario exceeds the growth of the
economy in the province by a margin of more than three to one.

"The dramatic increases in hazardous waste imports and off-site disposal
are warning signs that these wastes are not being soundly regulated in
Ontario. This makes it clear that the regulation of hazardous wastes in
Ontario needs a total overhaul," said Dr. Winfield.

The report recommends, among other things, that the Ontario government:

 	ban the disposal on land of liquid organic wastes, and restrict the
disposal of other hazardous wastes;

 	levy a per-tonne charge on the generators of hazardous wastes to
a safer system of hazardous waste regulation in Ontario, including
emergency and spills response capabilities, and a clean-up fund described

 	establish a fund to clean up contaminated sites which have been
by the party which caused the damage;

 	phase out the use of hazardous and liquid industrial wastes as dust
suppressants on unpaved roads;

require all proposals to build hazardous waste disposal facilities undergo
an environmental assessment with a public hearing before the Environmental
Assessment Board;

 	require each hazardous waste generator to write a plan on how it
reduce its use of toxic chemicals;

 	require hazardous waste generators to report quantities and fates of
hazardous substances they handle, and make this information available to
the public, and

 	strengthen controls on hazardous and liquid industrial waste

Hazardous wastes include industrial sludges containing cyanide, toxic heavy
metals and asbestos; corrosive liquids; and used or leftover solvents,
pesticides, fuels, paint, oil and batteries.

"The shortcomings of hazardous waste regulation in Ontario point to the
need for an environmental agenda for Ontario," said  Anne Mitchell,
Executive Director of CIELAP. CIELAP and the Ontario Environment Network
are preparing such an agenda, which is scheduled for release next month.
                             - 30-
For further information:
Mark Winfield or Anne Mitchell	(416) 923 3529

Canadian Institute for Environmental Law and Policy
517 College Street, Suite 400
Toronto, Ontario
M6G 4A2
Tel: (416) 923-3529
Fax: (416) 923-5949
E-mail: cielap@web.net
Home Page: http:www.web.net/cielap
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